The Asian elephant is the largest land mammal on the Asian continent. They inhabit dry to wet forest and grassland habitats in 13 range countries spanning South and Southeast Asia. Asian elephants are extremely sociable, forming groups of six to seven related females that are led by the oldest female, the matriarch. In Asia, elephant herd sizes are significantly smaller than those of savannah elephants in Africa. Elephants actually walk on their toes and have a thick, fibrous pad on the bottom of each foot. This pad acts as a shock absorber, protecting the leg and toe bones from jarring under its weight and cushioning each step.
IUCN Red List Classification – Endangered (decreasing)